Actual Size: 1 to 1¾” including legs
Characteristics: Light to medium brown; dark stripe down the center of body.
Habitat: Builds webs outside in retaining walls, foundations, and irrigation boxes. Can be found inside running across floors or at ground level.
- Though once considered highly venomous, the CDC states that bites are not toxic to humans.
- Not aggressive and rarely bites people, and bites are typically painless.
- Often found along railroad tracks, hence its name.
Hobo Spiders in Your Area
Hobo spiders are a common pest throughout the United States, particularly in the Pacific Northwest. These spiders get their name from their habit of living along railroad tracks, though they are also frequently found in other spaces such as window wells, firewood, and bricks. Hobo spiders belong to the funnel-web spider family, so they construct webs with a small tube in the center that they hide in. These spiders are also extremely fast and can move up to three feet per second, though they are not strong climbers.
Hobo Spider Habitat
Hobo spiders tend to build their funnel-shaped webs in dark crevices, such as rock retaining walls, landscaping features, or window wells. If these spiders wander indoors, they are often drawn to secluded areas like basements or garages. Since hobo spiders are not great climbers, they are usually spotted running across the floor or resting near ground level. These spiders also frequently become trapped in tubs and sinks while searching for water. Hobo spiders are not social and generally run away from humans.
Hobo Spider Behaviors, Threats, or Dangers
Though hobo spiders were once thought to be venomous, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has proven that these spiders are actually not toxic to humans. These spiders are not aggressive and generally avoid interacting with humans, so bites are rare. If they do bite, it is generally painless and not harmful. That said, if you have been bitten by a hobo spider and are concerned about a skin reaction, it is recommended to see a doctor. While hobo spiders are not considered dangerous, their large and frightening appearance can be bothersome to home and property owners. If you are dealing with a hobo spider infestation on your property, contact your local spider exterminators.