Actual Size: 4.4 to 6.25”
Characteristics: Grey to black velvety fur. Pointed snout, small eyes, and no visible ears. Large hands, which are used for digging.
Habitat: Builds elaborate systems of tunnels beneath the ground. Often lives in wooded areas, residential yards, and farm fields.
- Capable of digging 15 feet per hour.
- Digging can displace soil or disturb plant roots.
- A single mole can eat up to 50 pounds of insects per year.
MOLES IN YOUR AREA
Contrary to popular belief, moles are actually not rodents – instead, they are small mammals that primarily feed on insects. These small creatures are expert diggers, and they use this skill to build elaborate underground tunnels to use as a home. While mole holes are frequently found above the surface, the moles themselves typically stay buried underground. Though these creatures can be beneficial by controlling the populations of pests like millipedes and spiders, they can also cause damage to plant roots and landscaping with their digging.
Moles generally prefer to live in wooded areas, but they also frequently infest residential yards and agricultural areas. Since moles can dig up to 15 feet per hour, they are able to build vast networks of interconnected tunnels to use for shelter and safe travel. Though these mammals are active year-round, they are busiest in the spring and fall. Moles primarily consume insects such as centipedes, worms, and spiders. A single 5-6 ounce mole can even consume as much as 50 pounds of insects per year! Though their feeding habits can be helpful in controlling pest populations, their mole holes and digging habits can lead to an unsightly or disfigured yard.
MOLE BEHAVIORS, THREATS, OR DANGERS
Moles rarely show themselves above ground, so they don’t frequently come into contact with people. Moles also do not eat vegetation in yards or agricultural spaces. Instead, they are considered pests because their tunnels can cause significant damage to landscaping. Molehills can damage grass or create an uneven walking surface, and the tunnels may damage plant roots and lead to plant death. Mole tunnels are also frequently used by other pests, such as meadow voles, which can cause even more damage to yards. Since moles are experts at hiding, they can be very tricky to remove. That’s why it’s best to consult a professional wildlife control company if you see the signs of a mole infestation on your property.